Animal Farm Paragraph #2

Adam Crespi

Part 2 – 22-42

When, if ever, is the force of manipulation justified? What are the long term benefits of and detriments of these actions?

In George Orwell’s Animal Farm, manipulation runs rampant for both animals and humans. In the beginning, the animals were blatantly manipulated by the Jones farmers, having “nearly the whole of the produce of our [their] labour is stolen from us [them] by human beings”(2). This manipulation resulted in obvious detriments and general unhappiness for all the animals. After the revolution successfully occurs and the animals occupy the whole farm, a leader emerges in the pigs. The pigs become leaders as they are the only animals who “could [can]  already read and write perfectly”  as well as having a better memory and hands suitable for more delicate work (10). The pigs understand and remember the entire alphabet while some animals like Boxer “could not get beyond the letter D”(10).

In the beginning of the revolution, the pigs were insightful leaders who believed themselves to be equal with the rest of the animals but after a while the pigs realized they could be using their abilities for more. It started off as commandeering milk and apples “to preserve our [their] health” and in a few years time ended up changing the 7 commandments and siccing attack dogs to scare others into submission, even killing chickens when they refused to give up their eggs. The pigs realized that they could manipulate other animals by using their advanced brains. By the end of the book the pigs have taken full control over every other animal at Animal Farm.

However, the manipulation and power the pigs hold over the other animals has resulted in more happiness than the rule of humans ever did. Even though the animals “were generally hungry, slept on straw, drank from the pool, laboured in the fields” and worked hard to please the pigs, they stayed content because of “their sense of honour and privilege in being members of Animal Farm” (39). In this instance, the manipulation imposed by the pigs has actually benefited the farm and animals greatly. Even with the same work and labour, the animals are happier knowing that their efforts are for themselves rather than profits going straight to humans. The manipulation is justified and beneficial in this situation as the animals are partly unknowing but content with the pigs tyranny.



Animal Farm Paragraph #1

Adam Crespi

Pages 1 – 21

What conditions are needed for revolution to occur? Based on your readings so far, what is the single most significant factor leading the animals to revolution?
In George Orwell’s Animal Farm, farm animals revolt against Mr Jones and the other humans on the farm to get the lifestyle they want. After years of mistreatment, the animals finally decide that it is time to rise up against the power that commands them as they are tired of the life they live. The farm owners are living luxuriously and for the animals on the farm life is “miserable, laborious, and short”(2). The animals are forced to “work to the last atom of our[their] strength” and are “given  just so much food as will keep the breath in our [their] bodies” (2). In the animals eyes, the “life of an animal is misery and slavery”(2). For the animals this unhappiness is what pushes them towards revolution. They are sick of being taken advantage of by humans. They are sick of being miserable, hungry and having to constantly work. They are sick of living the life they live when they understand that their lives could be better without man. Working hard and having “nearly the whole of the produce of our[their] labour” stolen from them, is not how they enjoy themselves (2). The most significant factor that leads the animals to revolution is the vision of life without humans and therefore life without misery. The animals have a glance and idea of how brilliant life would be without humans and how they could get a more luxurious life through rebellion.

Sourcing a Significant Personal Object

Adam Crespi

April 2nd

Sourcing a Significant Personal Object

1. What is the story of this 1st place ribbon?

special objecto for english

My significant object. Note the text “Village of Anmore, Ma Murray, Eating Contest, 1st”

2. Source (what type of source is this? who created it? when and where was it produced?)

For my significant object I chose a blue ribbon I received during September 2017 for finishing my portion of cake the fastest at Anmore’s annual Ma Murray celebration. It is a primary source as it was given out at the event and is record of an amazing day for me. This ribbon was created by an event organizer to reward the winner of the cake eating contest and to make them feel accomplished. Although there are no indicators on the ribbon it was likely made at a local party store as it has custom engravings for this event. It was produced in the same year as the event, likely a few weeks before the event in September. There is no other ribbon exactly like this.

3. What other events or developments were happening when the source was created? How might have they influenced this source?

In September 2017 America was in the midst of the North Korean missile crisis. For many Americans this was an extremely stressful time as there was a dangerous threat of North Korea’s ICBMs hitting the United States. Although this artifact appears to originate from Anmore which is a British Columbian suburb, Canadians were also in the threat zone. A nuclear weapon detonation on the mainland United States would impact Canada as well. With a bit of inferring we can see how this event impacted the production of my ribbon. In the North Korean missile crisis American tensions rose between many other large Asian countries, particularly China. It is well known that many North American goods are produced by this Asian powerhouse country and stale relations largely affected the transfer of goods. In short, fewer Chinese product shipments came to America or Canada due to NATO trade agreements. This helps us infer about the ribbons creation. We can infer because of the reduced transfer of goods that the ribbon was not created in China as many cheap plastics generally are. Because of this fact and custom writings on the ribbon we can assume that it was produced locally.

Further Details


Another ongoing development during this time frame is the growth of social media and especially the increase of popularity for older generations. In years from 2014 and onwards site demographics show an increase in the use of social media for older generations.  Platforms such as Facebook that were once predominantly popular with youth have begun to change demographics to middle age and older men and women. They are just as interested in sharing exciting parts of their lives online as youth are. The decision to create this ribbon and to hold the cake eating contest at all was largely influenced by this new desire to share. The adults in leadership positions who organized this event wanted to share an exciting part of their lives and a silly fun event such as a cake eating contest would certainly add to their Facebook feed.


4. What do you notice that is important about this source? What is interesting? What can’t you explain?

All the information about this source can be gathered from the 4 pieces of text on the frontal side of the ribbon :”Village of Anmore, Ma Murray, Eating Contest, 1st”.  The first piece of text on this source is extremely beneficial in our research of it. The village of Anmore is a small suburb located just outside the tri cities area of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. A notable part of the Anmore municipality is the luxury and price of houses. No house is cheaper than $400,000 and most homes are in the multi millions. From the link given below we can infer about the abundance of money that exists here.

This information greatly supports our previous inferences about social media. The greater amount of money Anmorians hold would help them afford internet enabled devices. Being richer, this raises the question of why higher class people would hold something as seemingly cheap, low class, and messy as a cake eating contest. I cannot explain this.

The other important piece of text on this ribbon is “Ma Murray Day”. From online research we can determine that “Ma Murray” was a Canadian newspaper editor who’s full name is Margaret Lally Murray. She lived from 1888 to 1982 and owned a house in Anmore in the elder years of her life. Perhaps Ma Murray was an extremely active community member as there is an annual celebration of her life and impact on Anmore. This is interesting as I could not find the significant impact she left on Anmore through the internet.

5. What groups might the creator have belonged to? Why do you think they made the source? Who was the audience? How might the background / values of the creator and audience have influenced this source?

As we have determined in question 3 and 4, the creator and organizer of this cake eating contest was likely a moderately wealthy Anmore citizen upwards of 40 years of age who possesses the time to volunteer their time towards an event. The decision to create such an award in the form of a ribbon can be related to the social media aspect of question #3. Watching a cake eating contest is an extremely entertaining for watching in person and through social media. As the creator was a volunteer they wanted to ensure the most successful event possible and a cake eating contest was an amazing way to attract attention.

The audience was a wealthy group of Anmorian’s who largely had social media and were looking to share their daily lives online. Both the creators desire to have more people in attendance and the audiences desire to share meet each other very well in a cake eating contest. The cake eating contest gave the audience an exciting event to share on social media which benefited the creator by having more people aware for next year and giving happiness to the audience and a positive reputation to the event.

6. What do you learn from examining this source? How does it help you answer your inquiry question? Does it confirm, extend or contradict what you know? What does it not tell you? What further questions do you have?

From this source and inferences we have made about it we can learn a lot about Anmorians and their values. We learn about the purpose of Ma Murray day and how a cake eating contest can help improve the popularity, bringing more money into an already flourishing community. The research and inferences I have made about the source help us learn the story of this 1st place ribbon. We now know about who created it, when it was created, likely where it was created and why the ribbon was created for this event. This information largely confirms what I know of Anmore as resident of Port Moody, a suburb directly south of Anmore.

From the artifact alone we are still left without a large part of the valuable information. The ribbon does not contain any manufacturing information on the back. Who exactly was in charge of planning the event and where did they get the ribbon custom engraved? How can you custom engrave a ribbon?

To conclude this 1st place cake eating contest ribbon may seem childish and unimportant at first, but when looked at from a sourcing lens provides us with a special insight into the history of the creators and their wants and desires in September of 2017. This insignificant ribbon shows effects of nuclear crisis and helps us learn so much more about the history of a small rural community called Anmore.



In-depth Post #5

April 8th

In depth Night doesn’t seem that far away anymore! The last month of my In depth project has been the most productive yet and my project is in full swing. I have met with Ivan twice and both times I learned valuable skills. Our first meeting of March took place around Port Moody’s Shoreline Park where we went to observe the sunset. That day Ivan focused largely on how I was taking photos and what I could personally do to improve. He gave me subjects to photograph and observed what I was doing correct and incorrectly. The greatest takeaway from that meeting was how much I need to work on composing my photos before shooting. I have a habit to simply shoot loads of photos and hope that the composition is viable on one, rather than plan out a proper composition beforehand.

Our second meeting was even better. Ivan brought along his circular polarizer which is an interesting lens filter that allows the camera to cut out reflections on water or glass. We met at Barnet Marine Park at around 6:00 pm and were blessed with a beautiful sunset over downtown. With the great beaches at the park, Ivan taught me all about the polarizer and how turning it creates different images and reduces light. It was my favourite lesson yet!

The meeting at Barnet Marine Park ended up being one of the most fun yet as Ivan and I are becoming even closer friends. Ivan drove me home afterwards and told me a story of staying too late taking photos of the Golden Gate Bridge and becoming locked and stuck inside a parking lot! Getting to know Ivan has become one of my favourite parts of this In depth project and the mentoring process has taught me a lot about working with and learning from people.


This month I have also acquired some new camera gear! I ordered a lens pen, which is an essential device that lets you keep your camera lens clean and clear. Beforehand I was having issues with dust and smudges on my lens which actually ruined a bunch of photos. The brush and pen tip on this lens pen solves all my problems. Another piece of gear I ordered was a lens hood. Lens hoods are a useful tool in keeping unwanted light out of your camera and protecting your photos from ugly lens flare coming in from above. This cheap item has a noticeable impact on all my photos and does a great job in making me look more professional as well.


The reason Ivan and I did not have more meetings this month was due to my travelling! I took a family trip to New Mexico and had the amazing opportunity to practice my fresh skills in a new and exciting desert landscape. I had a great time and took some wonderful photos as well. Here are a few I took.

I can relate to these meetings to A Beautiful Mind with a transcript of a conversation we had at Barnet Marine Park.

*tripods set up facing sunset, taking long exposures with nd filter


Adam – why do you have that black covery thingy over your periscope?

Ivan – ah this is a trick I was going to tell you about. No one told me and I it took me years to figure out

Adam – what is it?

Ivan – when you are taking long exposures and your shutters stays open for longer light can enter your camera through other places

Adam – ohhhhh like the viewfinder? And that’s why it’s covered

Ivan – *nods* exactly. I am covering it to prevent extra light from ruining my shot.

Adam – how could it ruin it?

Ivan – with longer exposures if there is light entering your viewfinder it shows on the shot. I notice a yellowish band across the middle of it.

Adam – thats crazy, I didn’t even know they were connected.

Ivan – it is a skill i learned myself and something that can turn a good shot into a great one.

The Hats

This conversation mostly highlights a white hat mindset. I am asking questions and Ivan is giving me answers in the form of information and hard facts. The yellow band appears because light enters the camera through the viewfinder. I asked questions until all the information was laid out on the table.

In this conversation I also had on the red hat for predicting the reason on why the viewfinder was covered. I used my intuition to anticipate why and asked Ivan if I was correct.


Here is one of the photos I took that meeting


Midsummers Night Dream Essay

Adam Crespi, March 8th

Effort In Relationships 


If you are dealt a bad hand while playing cards, do you complain and curse the world or do you try to make the best of your situation? When faced with an obstacle in any aspect of your life is it best to give up or to push through struggles? Are you willing to put in the work to make a relationship work and to make the other person happy, or are you more likely to bail at the first hiccup? In William Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream there are many different relationships, not all of which run smoothly. By investigating the relationships that Oberon has with both Puck and Titania, we see that putting in effort to understand and work with your partner can really make the difference between a healthy and unhealthy relationship.

Oberon’s relationship with his servant Puck is a prime example of how putting in the effort pays off for everyone. Puck lives to “jest to Oberon to make him smile” and will put in endless effort to make Oberon happy (2.1, 44). When asked to find an extremely rare flower, Puck does not hesitate and puts “a girdle round the earth in forty minutes” (2.1, 175-6). Puck will do anything to please Oberon and keep their relationship healthy. Even though he is doing most of the work, Puck is content as well. Working with the fairy king, Puck has countless opportunities for fun and mischievous doings he would never have had otherwise. How else would he be able to watch the fairy queen be “enamoured by an ass” (4.1, 75)? From Puck and Oberon’s relationship we can clearly see how making an effort positively affects both participants. Puck wants Oberon to be happy and a happy relationship is the strongest of them all.

In contrast, Oberon’s relationship with his wife Titania is a great example of what happens when the effort isn’t made to understand the other person and take care of their happiness. In William Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Oberon and Titania disagree over what to do about a small changeling boy whose mother has passed away. Rather than seeking to understand his wife’s desire to keep the child and honour her choice, Oberon becomes angry that he cannot have the boy as a henchman and seeks to “torment thee (Titania) for this injury” (2.1, 47). Instead of letting Titania keep the boy she plans to rear and “not part with”(2.1, 137), Oberon decides that his own desire to have a henchman is more important. He later mortifies Titania out of spite by manipulating her into sleeping with an ass. Oberon’s selfishness is an obvious sign of an unhealthy relationship. Rather than putting in any effort to work with Titania, Oberon blows off her opinion as unimportant and says “Why should Titania cross her Oberon?” thinking only of himself (2.1, 119). He puts no effort into even thinking of why the changeling boy could be special to Titania. Oberon doesn’t care and out of pure selfishness decides that Titania must be punished for following through with a promise. The relationship between Oberon and Titania is the opposite of a caring one where participants just want the other person to be happy.

By comparing these two relationships in William Shakespeare’s a Midsummer’s Nights Dream we can observe how important it is to put in your best effort. From Oberon’s relationships with Puck and Titania, we see how effort can create an amazing relationship that benefits both people, or a lack of effort can cause isolation and toxicity. Even if it may not have immediate payoff, effort strengthens every kind of bond in a relationship. When Puck travels the world for a single flower he doesn’t get immediately rewarded. His reward comes later as laughter and fun with Oberon. When you run into an obstacle in your life, you fight through it to get the better hand. Just like Puck and Oberon do so well, find a relationship where you both put in effort to make eachother happy.